What are 6-Axis Robots?

Get accurate, agile, and flexible automation with 6-axis robots or articulated robots from Robot Store. These robots are ideal for assembly, packaging, and welding and are a cornerstone of modern manufacturing. Our large inventory of six-axis robots suits any manufacturer and their specific requirements. Learn more about what 6-axis robots are below.

Six-axis robots, also known as articulated robots, are a type of robotic arm that have six degrees of freedom. This means they can move in six different directions, including three rotational and three translational axes. Each of the six axes or joints serves as a point of articulation for the robot arm. This allows it to move with great precision and flexibility in various directions and angles.

To give you a clearer picture, here is a breakdown of the different axes in a six-axis robot. 

  • (Axis 1 / J1) – Firstly, there’s the base rotation axis, allowing the robot to rotate horizontally around its vertical axis.
  • (Axis 2 / J2) -The shoulder rotation axisenables the robot to move up and down.
  • (Axis 3 / J3) – The elbow rotation axis enables the robot arm to bend or straighten.
  • (Axis 4 / J4) – The wrist pitch axis  provides the robot with the ability to tilt its wrist up and down.  
  • (Axis 5 / J5) – The  wrist roll axis   allows it to rotate its wrist from side to side.
  • (Axis 6 / J6) –  The wrist yaw axis  enables the robot to rotate its wrist clockwise or counterclockwise.
six-axis robots

Articulated Robots in Car Manufacturing

Articulated robots are commonly used in car manufacturing. The 6-axis robots are highly precise and versatile, making them perfect for many industrial tasks such as painting, welding, assembly, material handling, and more. Additionally, they excel in tight spaces and complicated movements which makes them popular in industries like aerospace, electronics, automotive manufacturing, and general automation. Moreover, articulated robots are preferred over other types of robots because they are flexible and can easily adapt to changes in production processes. They are also very efficient and can work at high speeds. The use of articulated robots in car manufacturing has greatly improved the efficiency and quality of production and has also improved the safety of workers by taking on dangerous tasks.

Understanding robots and their axes when buying an articulated robot.

To choose the right articulated robot for your business needs, it’s essential to understand its features and components. One critical feature to consider is the number of axes the robot can operate on, which determines its range of motion. Robots with more axes are more versatile and flexible in handling tasks. Other essential factors to consider are the robot’s speed, accuracy, payload capacity, and reach that will significantly impact its performance. By understanding the robot’s features and capabilities, you can make an informed decision in selecting the appropriate articulated robot for your business requirements.

robotics and automation
Most popular six-axis robots

What are robot axes?

Robot axes refer to the different directions in which a robotic arm can move to carry out a specific task. This range of motion provides the arm with the required dexterity to navigate complex environments and manipulate objects with great precision. Typically, robots come with a minimum of three axes, which enable them to perform basic pick and place operations. However, industrial robots may have as many as six axes, which can move the arm in a much more flexible and coordinated way. In other words, the number of axes equips the robot with a greater range of motion and the ability to perform an increasingly wider range of tasks. The selection of robot axes is a crucial factor in determining the robotic arm’s precision and capabilities, and it often requires careful consideration of the task requirements and environmental factors to ensure the optimal performance of the robot.

What types of robot axes are there?

There are a variety of different kinds of robot axes that are utilized in modern robotics. These can include linear, rotational, and spherical axes, among others. Each type of axis is designed to allow the robot to move in a particular way or direction, enabling it to perform a wide range of tasks. For example, a linear axis will allow the robot to move in a straight line, while a rotational axis will enable it to rotate around a particular point or axis. A spherical axis can move in any direction within its own sphere of movement, allowing for even more complex and dynamic movements. Understanding the different types of axes that are available can help those working in robotics to select the best components for their specific application and achieve optimal performance and efficiency.

Industrial robot arms
Choose a robotic arm's robot-axis carefully. Higher numbers offer precision for complex movements, while lower ones work for simpler tasks. Evaluate your needs to get the best results and return on investment.
Six-Axis Robots

What is an Articulated Robots?

Industrial robots are called articulated robots or six-axis robots meaning they have six degrees of freedom or six axes of movement. They arms made up of several connected segments, which can move in multiple directions and perform a wide range of tasks.  Therefore,  these joints allow the arm to move and bend like a human arm. Furthermore,  the joints typically use motors or other actuators to control the movement of the arm. As a result, this joints allow it to rotate, extend, or bend at different angles.

The term “articulated” refers to the fact that the arm of the robot is made up of multiple “joints” or “articulations” that allow it to move flexibly, similar to the joints in a human arm. So, they mimic the range of motion of a human arm.  Therefore, it allows the robot to perform a wide range of tasks that require precise and flexible movements.

Manufacturing use articulated robots in many industrial applications such as welding, painting, material handling, and assembly. Also, their flexibility and range of motion make them well-suited to perform tasks that require complex movements or access to hard-to-reach areas. The 6-axis robots makes articulated robots well-suited for a variety of industrial applications that require complex movements and high accuracy, such as welding, painting, and assembly.

Why to buy a 6-Axis Robots?

There are several compelling reasons to consider buying a 6-axis robot for industrial applications. Here are some of the key reasons:

If you’re looking to boost productivity and efficiency in your industrial operations, a 6-axis robot might be the right choice for you. These robots offer a wide range of advantages that can improve productivity, efficiency, safety, quality control, and cost savings. One of the primary advantages is their flexibility and versatility, which allows them to handle various tasks.

Their six-axis movement capabilities make them suitable for different applications, ranging from precise assembly to intricate welding. By using a 6-axis robot, businesses can increase productivity and efficiency while optimising workflow and reducing cycle times. They provide consistent, precision and reliable performance, reducing errors and defects, and improving quality control.

Safer working environment

Furthermore, investing in a 6-axis robot can contribute to a safer working environment by automating repetitive or hazardous tasks. Although the initial investment may seem high, the long-term benefits, such as reduced labor costs, resource utilization, and adaptability across different industries, can justify the cost.

However, before making a purchase decision, carefully evaluating specific application requirements, production goals, available space, and budget becomes crucial. Additionally, it’s also essential to consider programming, maintenance, and safety concerns when evaluating whether a 6-axis robot is the right solution for your needs.

What is involved in refurbishing an articulated robot?

The refurbishment of articulated robots involves a comprehensive process of inspecting, repairing, and upgrading the robot.  As a result, this ensures that it meets the manufacturer’s original specifications and performs reliably. Here are the general steps involved in refurbishing an industrial robot:

  1. Inspection: The first step is to inspect the robot to identify any wear and tear, damage, or other issues.

  2. Cleaning: The robot is thoroughly cleaned, including removing any grease or dirt buildup.

  3. Replacement of parts: Replace any damaged or worn-out parts with new or refurbished components to restore the robot to its original condition.

  4. Upgrades:  Robot upgrades improve its performance such as safety, or reliability.  Also, this could include updating the robot controller, adding new sensors or other peripheral equipment, or upgrading the end-effector.

  5. Testing: The robot is put through a series of tests to ensure that it operates reliably and meets the manufacturer’s original specifications.

  6. Certification: Once the refurbishment is complete,  the manufacturer or a third-party organization certified the robot. This certification ensure that the robot meets quality standards and is safe to operate.

  7. Guarrantee: The refurbished robot may come with a warranty or service contract to provide ongoing support and ensure the robot operates reliably.

Refurbished industrial robots can be an affordable alternative rather than new robot, especially for companies with budget constraints. However, it is important to work with a reputable refurbisher who follows a rigorous refurbishment process.  Following standars ensure that the robot is reliable and safe to operate.

Are you ready to purchase an articulated robot?

Are you currently in the process of determining your industrial automation needs and considering the purchase of an articulated robot? If so, we would like to offer our assistance in helping you make the best decision for your business. Our team of experts is dedicated to providing you with the knowledge and support necessary to find the perfect robotic solution for your specific application. We understand that making a significant investment like this can be intimidating. But rest assured, we ensure that your experience will be as seamless as possible. If you are prepared to take your production to the next level with the addition of an articulated robot, contact us today to schedule a consultation with one of our knowledgeable representatives.

Whether you are looking to purchase six-axis robots, or parts for any brand of robotic equipment including KUKA robot parts, Fanuc robot parts, ABB robot parts or other brands, we have the inventory to meet your needs. As dedicated professionals in the industry, we understand the importance of reliable, high-quality equipment that you can trust.

Try our customer support services for both before and after-sales support when buying our robots.

Advantages between new vs used industrial robots

There are advantages to both new and used industrial robots, and the choice depends on the specific needs and circumstances of the buyer. Here are some advantages of each:

Advantages of new six-axis robots:

  1. Latest technology: New six-axis robots include with the latest technology and features, which may not be available in older models.

  2. Longer lifespan: They have a longer lifespan and may require less maintenance over time.

  3. Guarantee and support: New six-axis robots come with a warranty and manufacturer support, which can provide peace of mind and help with any technical issues that may arise.

  4. Customisation: These robots customisation include payload capacity, reach, and speed based on to specific requirements.

  5. Safety: New robots  meet the latest safety standards and regulations.

Advantages of used industrial robots:

  1. Lower cost: Used robots can be significantly less expensive than new ones, which can be attractive to companies with budget constraints.

  2. Availability: Used robots may be readily available, as they are often sold by companies that are upgrading or downsizing their operations.

  3. Shorter lead times: Used robots may have shorter lead times than new ones, which can be advantageous for companies with urgent production needs.

  4. Familiarity: Used robots may be the same model as robots already in use, which can make it easier to integrate and operate them.

  5. Sustainability: Choosing a used robot can be a more sustainable choice, as it reduces the amount of waste generated by manufacturing new robots.

Ultimately, the choice between new and used robots depends on the specific needs and circumstances of the buyer. Therefore, careful evaluation of the costs, benefits, and risks associated can help to inform the decision-making process.

Robot Store is an experts in industrial automation. We have affordable used robots for sale such as ABB Robots, KUKA Robots, Fanuc Robots amoung others 6-axis robot brands.  Also, we have expertise in designing, integrating and deploying robots for manufacturing

Also, among the industrial applications including are system integration and optimisation. Check out our new robots and certified used robots.

robot store logo

£150 off
Any Reconditioned robot



valid until 30th of August 2021